Top of the page. After the original infection, it takes about 4 to 12 weeks for HIV antibodies or antigens to appear in the blood. The period between becoming infected with HIV and the point at which antibodies or antigens to HIV can be detected in the blood is called the seroconversion or "window" period. During this period, an HIV-infected person can still spread the disease, even though a test will not detect any antibodies or antigens in his or her blood.
Testing reports conclusive?
These tests include:. If HIV antibodies or antigens are not found, the test may be repeated in a few months. If you have a positive test result, contact your sex partners to inform them.
They may want to be tested. You may be able to get help from your local health department to do this. Two types of home test kits for HIV have been approved by the U. If the results from a home test kit show that you have an HIV infection, talk to a doctor. And keep in mind that these test kits sometimes may show that you have HIV when you don't false-positive result or may show that you don't have HIV when you do false-negative result. A test for the human immunodeficiency virus HIV is done to:.
The U. You and your doctor can decide if testing is right for you. This test is not done to determine if a person has AIDS. You do not need to do anything before you have this test.
A test for HIV infection can't be done without your consent. Most doctors offer counseling before and after the test to discuss:. Before the test, it is important to tell your doctor how and where to contact you when your test results are ready.
If your doctor has not contacted you within 1 to 2 weeks of your test, call and ask for your results.HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. Learn about what a positive and negative HIV test result mean. A negative result doesn't necessarily mean that you don't have HIV. That's because of the window period—the time between when a person gets HIV and when a test can accurately detect it.
The window period varies from person to person and is also different depending upon the type of HIV test. If you get an HIV test within 3 months after a potential HIV exposure and the result is negative, get tested again in 3 more months to be sure.
HIV is not necessarily transmitted every time you have sex. Therefore, taking an HIV test is not a way to find out if your partner is infected. It's important to be open with your partner s and ask them to tell you their HIV status. But keep in mind that your partner s may not know or may be wrong about their status, and some may not tell you if they have HIV even if they know they're infected.
Consider getting tested together so you can both know your HIV status and take steps to keep yourselves healthy. If you have a positive HIV test result, a follow-up test will be conducted. If the follow-up test is also positive, it means you are HIV-positive. If you had a rapid screening test, the testing site will arrange a follow-up test to make sure the screening test result was correct.
If you used a self-testing kit at home, a positive HIV test result must always be confirmed by additional HIV testing performed in a health care setting. If your blood was tested in a lab, the lab will conduct a follow-up test on the same sample.
If your follow-up test result confirms you are infected with HIV, the next thing is to take steps to protect your health and prevent transmission to others. Begin by talking to your health care provider about antiretroviral therapy ART. ART can keep you healthy for many years and greatly reduces your chance of transmitting HIV to your sex partner s if taken the right way, every day.
Your health care provider will help you decide what HIV medicines to take.I am a male of 16 years and I had a possible exposition of HIV, one year ago.
Recently, I had a CBC made for the college. And the results were pretty normal: WBC 7. The only way to diagnose HIV disease is to get a specific test for the virus. See below. With a CBC they check for various blood counts, therefore if these blood counts appear somewhat abnormal before an HIV test is done would that not trigger the Doctor to do further checking therefore making the patient aware of abnormalities with their CBC.
Complete blood counts are very useful tests for diagnosing many conditions, but HIV is not one of them! For instance, a CBC can be helpful in diagnosing anemia low red blood cells.
However, it does not tell you the cause of the anemia.
Rather, he would look for common causes of anemia, such as iron deficiency, vitamin B12 or folate deficiency, blood loss, hereditary conditions associated with anemia, etc.
It really is just that simple. Don't expect your doctor to infer a diagnosis from tests not designed for that purpose.
Such games are immature and really won't decrease your anxiety about possible HIV disease. If you've placed yourself at risk, get tested. There are no other options. I have desperately been asking you questions the last few weeks and would really appreciate an answer on this last question which I do promise this will be the last question if you answer.
Three weeks later all the symptoms persist except tinglingand now I have a deep cough, but still no sore throat. I went to my doctor and he did a CBC. I told him of my HIV concern and he said that it is a very remote possibilty of HIV, but very unlikely and that a CBC test could tell us if my body is fighting A virus not HIV particularly, just some type of virus and that we could do further testing once we got the result back. So I really just want a second opinion on this.
I have read hundreds of times in the forums that CBC tests cannot determine if you have HIV, which makes complete sense, but given the fact that I was experiencing some symptoms not neccessarily ARS by any meansif the symptoms were caused by a virus in my body, then the CBC test would show abnormal results, right? So in conclusion, since the test came back negative, I can assume that these symptoms are not caused by a virus therefore not caused by ARS nor HIV.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test
Am I an idiot for thinking this? I could really use some piece of mind. Please don't tell me that I already knew I was negative from the 18 week test, because I had accepted the fact I was negative, but the symptoms started my paranoia right back up again. I think what you do is an amazing service to the world and I truly believe you deserve some sort of MAJOR humanitarian award.
I wish the best of luck in your future endevours and all the success with your foundation. Bob Frascino, M. June 13, Answer Hi. You should know: The answer above provides general health information that is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment recommendations from a qualified health care professional.Click on the links below to browse our various forums; scroll down for a glance at the most recent posts; or join in the conversation yourself by registering on the left side of this page.
If you are HIV positive and disclose this in our forums, then it is almost the same thing as telling the whole world or at least the World Wide Web. If this concerns you, then do not use a username or avatar that are self-identifying in any way. We do not allow the deletion of anything you post in these forums, so think before you post.
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April 14,pm. Forums Index. Estoy infectado? Advanced search. Welcome to Am I Infected. Author Topic: 83 day test and negative! Read times. Thank you so very much for having this forum. I need to ask a simple question. Is a blood test at 85 days after your last sexual contact conclusive enough to know you HIV status?The American Academy of Pediatrics AAP recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed for about the first 6 months with continued breastfeeding alongside introduction of appropriate complementary foods for 1 year or longer.
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Please post your question in one of our medical support communities. Was 85 days long enough for conclusive hiv results? My questions are: 1 could you please review these results and tell me if I am all clear?
Read 1 Responses. Follow - 1. Hunter Handsfield, M. Your previous thread had to be forcibly terminated because you were refusing to accept or maybe to read and understand Dr. Hook's replies. You didn't any of them given this exposure -- a big waste of money. But you are in the clear for all of them. Both results are negative, which means you are not producing antibodies.
In fact, it isn't sexually transmitted at all except occasionally in some gay men who participate in traumatic rectal practices. There will be no follow-up comments or discussion. Ask a Question. Expert Activity. Didn't find the answer you were looking for? These tips can help HIV-positive women live a long, healthy life. Despite the drop in new infections, black women are still at a high risk for HIV, the virus that causes Aids.
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During AHI, a viral latent pool reservoir develops, the immune system suffers irreparable damage, and the infected often unsuspecting host may be most contagious. It has proved very difficult to find individuals with AHI either in longitudinal cohorts of subjects at high risk for acquiring the virus or through cross-sectional screening, and the opportunity for diagnosis is generally missed during this phase. We review the technical strategies for identifying individuals with acute or incident HIV infection.
We conclude that further technical advances are essential to allow more widespread detection of patients with AHI and to affect HIV treatment outcomes and transmission prevention. Acute human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection AHI has attracted tremendous attention because of the importance of this stage of infection to virtually all aspects of HIV epidemiology and biology.
First, it is clear that the study of individuals with AHI offers the best opportunity for understanding the HIV transmission event in humans [ 1 ]. All other data about HIV transmission come from studies of rhesus macaques [ 23 ], and these data complement but cannot substitute for data from acutely infected humans.
Third, subjects with acute infection are maximally contagious [ 67 ], because of either high viral load, unique and as yet unexplained viral properties, or lack of any binding antibodies [ 8 ].
Importantly, HIV acquisition, and therefore AHI, is not uncommon in pregnant women [ 910 ], which probably increases the risk of vertical transmission of HIV [ 11 ]. Early diagnosis during the critical stages of AHI represents a tremendous opportunity for treatment and prevention interventions. After acquisition of HIV, a series of events follows that is characterized by different patterns of viral antigens and antibody responses and that can be used to diagnose HIV infection.Intersections #2: HIV and COVID-19 - Testing
These evolving patterns have implications for the detection of early infection and will be reviewed. Based on the fact that viral sequences in the earliest stages of infection in heterosexual subjects are extremely homogenous [ 12 ], it can be concluded that either a single virion particle or very small number of them are transmitted from a diverse number of quasispecies in the exposure inoculum see below. These results demonstrate an unexplained "transmission bottleneck.
This eclipse phase is thought to last as long as 10 days. Once dissemination to lymphoid tissues and the systemic circulation occurs, HIV replication increases rapidly to a peak level, with a doubling time of 20 h [ 13 ]. The stages of acute human immunodeficiency virus infection as characterized by detection of viral particles and evolving antibody responses [ 13 ].
ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Using stored plasma samples that were obtained twice weekly from unrecognized seroconverting plasma donors, Fiebig et al described 6 stages of acute viremia and early seroconversion characterized by viral replication and evolving antibody responses. In addition, a cell-mediated immune response evoking escape mutants can be demonstrated [ 16 ]. Stage III typically occurs 1—2 weeks after the onset of acute retroviral symptoms.
There is no absolute or widely accepted definition of AHI, and this has caused considerable confusion in comparing results. It is important to recognize that any definition for the period of acute viremia preceding seroconversion is dependent on the sensitivity of both the HIV-1 RNA or p24 antigen assay used to detect viremia and the antibody test employed to detect seroconversion, both of which have markedly improved see below.
The definition is also affected by the variability of early viral replication kinetics and of host immune responses among individuals. A further limitation to the Fiebig staging system is that the data underlying the definitions and durations of each stage are based solely on clade B HIV infections, and HIV RNA, p24 antigen, and antibody assays were developed with clade B viral constituents.
Accordingly, it is not certain that this staging system will work as well or that the duration of each stage will be comparable in infections with other HIV clades. To date, it has been impossible to prospectively study blood or plasma donors with AHI, because these seronegative donors can only be identified as being in the acute stage based on testing performed after their blood donation.
Such donors with AHI have inevitably seroconverted by the time they are notified and counseled. A popular strategy to study persons with acute infection is to prospectively follow up cohorts of high-risk subjects for seroconversion, such as men who have sex with men, injection drug users, sex workers, and HIV-discordant couples [ 18 ].
The risk of seroconversion can be estimated at the inception of the study based on the prevalence of HIV infection particularly AHI in the cohort and the history of incident infections.